Amenorrhoea, or temporary absence of menstruation, occurs before puberty or after menopause, in pregnancy or during breastfeeding. In women who are not pregnant and are in their reproductive phase, an absence of menstruation occurs in 3% to 4% of cases.
There are primary and secondary amenorrhea
Primary amenorrhea is rare (0.1%) and it is usually due to genetic or anatomical abnormalities. This means that the woman has never menstruation. In some cases, with the help of treatment, the menstrual cycle can be restored.
Secondary amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation in the duration of 3 cycles, or for a total of 6 calendar months. If pregnancy is eliminated, the most common causes of secondary amenorrhea are ovarian function disorders, impaired function of the hypothalamus, disruption of the pituitary function, and, rarely, an impaired structure of the uterus.
The menstrual cycle is very complex.For the normal menstrual cycle, all anatomical structures, and endocrine glands should function normally. There are 3 important things you need to know about the premature absence of menstruation.
1. The disruption of the menstrual cycle is frequent
This phenomenon is not serious. It is usually a short absence of menstruation, which is often preceded by the absence of ovulation. But you need to pay attention to this phenomenon if it is accompanied by other symptoms such as pain, obesity, weight loss, hair growth, and acne.
2. The temporary absence of menstruation is often not serious
Although this phenomenon is usually not something serious, it may be a sign of cysts in the ovary, but also for some more serious diseases. If it is a short absence due to an absence of ovulation, this condition is usually treated with gestagens in order to cause regular menstrual bleeding. For women with thyroid disease, proper therapy will stabilize the menstrual cycle. In women who have polycystic ovaries, besides the absence of menstruation, there are other symptoms, and the treatment most often depends on the patient.
3. The absence of menstruation in youth is usually without consequences
Generally, the occurrence is without consequences, but if there is a more serious endocrine disorder with reduced production of estrogen, the consequences may be delayed by the development of the reproductive organs.
In women who do not ovulate, and therefore do not have menstruation, estrogen causes thickening of the lining of the uterus, and this can cause very severe bleeding. These changes may precede cancer.